Welcome to 1st Hour's Genetic Engineering Wiki!


What is Genetic Engineering?:

Genetic Engineering is changing the genes of an organism to give new features.

Why is Genetic Engineering a moral issue?:

Genetic Engineering is a moral issue because you are changing what God created. God made everyone exactly how he wanted them, but you are changing what he created.

What is the moral question?:

The moral question is 'should genetic engineering be used to change unwanted features and traits in humans?

Here is a video about Genetic Engineering:

For more information about Genetic Engineering and why it is a moral issue click on one of the page's below:

Elizabeth's page

Link to Jamie's page

Like to Chloe's page

Some Facts about Genetic Engineering:

  • How is it carried out?

    There are several ways to add genes to DNA. One is to shoot the genes into the cells using a kind of shotgun called a gene gun. A gene gun shoots tiny metal bullets coated with copies of a new gene through a cell. (In practice, many cells are shot at once.) Some of the gene copies stick inside the cells, and in a few cells the cell adds the gene to its own DNA." (Lerner).

  • Why would parents choose to do this?

    Some parents may want their child to be disease proof and they might think that using genetic engineering they could improve society by getting rid of the defaults. They might want their child to be bigger, taller, stronger, or smarter (Lerner).

  • Is it safe?

    It is hard to be able to place a new gene exactly where it is needed, so slip-ups do occur. Not everything is known about genes so effects may cause serious side-effects. Some mistakes "could create sick or deformed children if they failed and might have even more horrible consequences if they succeeded, dividing the human race into two classes—a superior, genetically-engineered class and everyone else " (Lerner).

  • How far developed is it?

    "Genetic engineering allows genes to be moved between completely different kinds of organisms, such as plants and animals, which was never possible before because such organisms cannot mate with each other. Genetic engineering became possible in late twentieth century." (Lerner).

  • What does it cover?

    Genetic engineering is used in crops, organisms, and a few humans (Hoyle, Brian, and K. Lerner).

  • Where there any procedures done?

    According to BBC News Article, as of May 2001, thirty children were successfully born that had been genetically engineered. The mother had defective mitochondria and could not conceive so they used a process called ooplasmic transfer which takes parts of a donor cell and puts them into the woman with the mitochondria problem's egg. The babies were born and these were the first healthy genetically engineered children. There were genes that the children had that neither parent had.
  • How big is this industry of science?

    It is mostly used for crops and plants. Over 50 percent of farms is genetically engineered soybean, cotton, and canola. (Hoyle, Brian, and K. Lerner).

  • Where do these human procedures take place?

    They take place in labs using very high tech equipment with a lot of testing (Lerner)
  • Why do parents genetically engineer their babies?

    Parents genetically engineer their baby so that it can be stronger and smarter or to change their physical characteristics, the "perfect" baby. Parents also genetically engineer their baby to save them from living with a disease.
  • What exactly can you change about your baby when genetically engineering?

    You can change anything from the sex of your baby to their athletic ability. You could even create a race of super-humans.

  • What are potential risks for the mother?

    She could become sick.
  • How much does it cost?

    The price is relatively high. Considering that you are changing your baby, having the price be high makes sense.
  • How long does the process take?

    It takes a while to do, which also makes sense.
  • What are the potential risks for the baby?

    The baby could become sick or something could go wrong during the process.
  • Who does this procedure?

    A doctor does.
  • Does insurance cover it?

    No, insurance does not cover it.
  • What characteristics do people generally change?

    You can change almost anything, but people usually seek to change physical and mental characteristics.
  • Can you increase intelligence or just physical characteristics?

    You can increase both.
  • Who does this procedure on humans?

    Scientists perform this procedure. Usually it is a chemical engineer or a genetic engineer (Hoyle, Brian, and K. Lerner).

Laws pertaining to Genetic Engineering:

All we really know is that certain states have passed laws restricting genetic engineering.

Our Decision:

We think that genetic engineering should not be used to change unwanted features and traits in humans. It is morally wrong, God created us all exactly how we wanted us. God wants us to be just the way we are. We do not need to try and create the "perfect" baby because the child God creates is already perfect.